Historic Town of Ouro Preto
Town of Ouro Preto World Heritage Site in Brazil
Once the bustling heart of Brazil’s gold rush, Ouro Preto reached its peak of prosperity in the eighteenth century during which time many extravagant Baroque churches, bridges, and fountains were built demonstrating the sudden influx of wealth to the town. However, the nineteenth century marked a turning point in Ouro Preto with the exhaustion of nearby gold mines and thus the dramatic drop in influence of the town. Many of the city’s century old structures still exist today and are a popular worldwide attraction.
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda
Centre of the Town of Olinda World Heritage Site in Brazil
Founded by the Portuguese in the 1500s, Olinda is a beautiful historic city located on the northeastern Atlantic Coast of Brazil. The city is home to various gardens, Baroque churches, convents, and countless other antique structures preserved today. Carnival season is a popular time of year when street parties and parades attract visitors from all ends.
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes
Missions of the Guaranis: Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes World Heritage Site in Brazil
Located in the thick tropical forest of South America are the ruins of the Jesuit Missions built in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. These landmarks are a popular attraction and consist of various structures and architectural wonders built by the Guaranis. The structures were once home to thousands of residences during its peak in the 1700s.
Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia
Centre of Salvador de Bahia World Heritage Site in Brazil
Adorned with colorful houses, churches, and plazas, the historic center of Salvador de Bahia still maintains its antique character of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries. The city was the original capital of Brazil until the mid 1700s and is now the third largest city in the country full of culture and impressive historical heritage.
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas
Congonhas World Heritage Site in Brazil
Built in the eighteenth century, this monument includes a principle cathedral of Italian influence as well as seven surrounding chapels depicting the Stations of the Cross. The complete sanctuary also includes an outdoor stairway decorated with statues of prophets as well as interior art, sculptures, and architecture that are a truly moving site to see.
Iguaçu National Park
National Park World Heritage Site in Brazil
Surrounded by the tropical jungle and home to the famous Iguaçu Falls, this national park is truly a natural wonder. Visitors may view hundreds of incredible falls from a series of platforms and viewpoints surrounded by an incredible panorama of lush plant and animal life. This area is home to hundreds of bird species making it a bird watchers paradise and a mandatory stop when visiting Brazil.
This young town founded in the 1950s has been widely recognized for its incredible town planning. The principal town planner and architect made certain that every element including the underlying layout and building symmetry contribute to the city’s overall design which has been compared to a bird in flight. The modern architecture present throughout the city and specially in its administrative and official buildings is creative and innovative.
Serra da Capivara National Park
This national park in the northeastern region of Brazil is home to various ancient caves adorned with wall paintings dating back as many as 25,000 years, making it the former home of one of the oldest human populations in South America. Scientific studies have found that this was a densely populated area during prehistoric times.
Historic Centre of São Luís
This historic town, originally founded by the French, was occupied by the Dutch before control was finally passed to the Portuguese during the colonization period in the mid 1600s. Since this period of development, many of the historic characteristics including the city’s beautiful, colonial architecture and street layout have been maintained. The city has also preserved its historic Afro-Brazilian culture.
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves
This immense, protected forest contains 25 different protected areas that include tropical and subtropical forests, mangroves, wetlands, savannah, and more. These sites are a beautiful display of the rich biodiversity that is contained within the all of the forests of South America. The Atlantic Forest itself is home to a wide number of endemic species as well as beautiful landscapes of rivers, mountains, waterfalls, and much more.
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves
Consisting of 8 different protected areas, this lush Atlantic coast rainforest is among the most biodiverse in the world with various species that show impressive adaptive traits. For that reason, this forest has become a very important research site for scientist from all over. Because there are so few similar forests in existence today, the Atlantic coast forest is one of truly priceless value.
Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina
This historic, colonial village was once home to the diamond rush of the eighteenth century and is situated in the middle of the rocky mountains of western Brazil. The town’s splendid Baroque architecture has been preserved today making it a popularly visited historic gem.
Central Amazon Conservation Complex
Made up of some 6 million hectares, this is the largest protected region of the Amazon Basin and is well known for its breathtaking landscapes and ecological importance. The region is made up of various ecosystems including rivers, lakes, and forests that are home to a vast number of plant and animal species many of which are endemic to the region.
Pantanal Conservation Area
The Pantanal Conservation Area consists of 4 protected areas located in western central Brazil and still only makes up a minuscule fraction of the country’s entire wetland Pantanal Region. The conservation area is home to breathtaking vegetation and animal life and is a refuge for a number of species threatened around the globe.
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves
Biodiversity is the key characteristic of these Brazilian islands, which house the western Atlantic’s largest population of tropical seabirds. The waters surrounding the islands are of international significance as the rich waters are a prime feeding and breeding area for various underwater species such as tuna, sharks, and marine turtles. Visitors will enjoy the precious biodiversity and the beautiful landscapes that make the islands a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks
This ancient tropical rainforest has for thousands of years been a sanctuary for countless wildlife species during times of climate change such as those which we are experiencing today. Nearly all of the region’s endangered species are located within this World Heritage Site as well as various endemic animals such as rare small mammals and bird species.
Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás
This beautiful 18th century colonial city was originally a mining town but is now a priceless, historic monument. Admired for its use of local materials and techniques, the architecture is a great example of a European style adapted to the vastly different climate and geography of South America. Today, Goiás is a well preserved gem and a popular stopping point for visitors from all over the world.